May 04, 2003 7:35 AM
The desirability of one type of economic and social security-compensation for injury to employees--was recognized more than 40 years ago in the United States. Radical changes in industry had gradually accentuated the inconsistency and injustice of the common law of negligence, under which it was extremely difficult for an employee to obtain redress for an injury. Attempts to correct the defects by enactment of employers' liability statutes created a very complicated situation and provided numerous rules based upon diversified and conflicting reasoning. Employers' liability legislation afforded the injured employee or the dependents a theoretical opportunity to collect damages for the loss in earning power, but for every case in which comparable damages were received, there were many in which nothing at all was recovered, and a large percentage of all allowable compensation went to the lawyers.